Tooth extraction can sometimes be the best solution for a dental issue. Pulling a tooth can help overcrowding and impacted teeth where the growing tooth is stuck beneath the others. Teeth that are very decayed or badly damaged which can’t be saved through a root canal are also good candidates for extraction. Wisdom teeth are also commonly extracted because they frequently erupt impacted. Teeth are also pulled to avoid future decay.
This will depend on the health of the mouth and how badly the tooth is damaged or decayed. Some extractions are very simple. Special tools will be used to grasp the tooth and remove it from its socket. However, in other situations, an incision into the gum may be needed to ensure the entire tooth is taken out. Teeth which are very weak and likely to break or crumble, teeth which are broken off underneath the gum line and teeth which are totally or partially impacted will typically require gum incisions in order to ensure the extraction goes smoothly. Thanks to their long roots and their positions near the jaw joints, wisdom teeth also typically require oral surgery to be removed.
Wisdom teeth erupt after all the other teeth have come in, so the mouth is already quite full. As a result, these teeth frequently come in sideways or become impacted. This causes pressure, pain, and compromises the integrity of neighboring healthy teeth. These teeth will most likely need to be removed to maintain the health and balance of the teeth as well as the whole mouth. Wisdom teeth can also come in straight. However, because they are found way in the back of the mouth, these teeth can be very difficult to clean. This puts them at a significant risk for decay and gum disease. As a result, wisdom teeth that emerge normally will still be removed to prevent additional problems.
Some relatively minor types of surgery will use local anesthetics, occasionally combined with oral sedation. However, in most cases IV sedation is used to help patients “sleep” during the procedure.
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